University of Peloponnisos
Vervena is a traditional and historical village of Kynouria which impresses the visitors with the green landscape and the traditional architecture. In the village, the visitor can see mansions of the 18th century, churches, stone houses, narrow streets and small picturesque squares. Two of the most notable churches are those of the Virgin Mary and the Church of Saint John the Baptist (18th century.). Next to the church of St. John is an elaborate marble fountain of 18th century Known as the Great Fountain. The region appears to have had settlements since the Copper Age (2000 BC). It was an important area of worship of goddess Artemis in the 8th century BC. In the 6 century BC a temple was built, dedicated to the goddess and ruins of the temple (Artemis Knakeatidos) survives till today outside the village. The region continued to be inhabited during the Byzantine era. Parts of an old Byzantine church of the 11th century are found in many buildings of the village (church of St. John the Baptist, church of Agios Athanasios and the old school). During the revolution, the village gave shelter for the troops of Kolokotronis. The headquarters was in the tower of Augustis. Demetrios Ypsilantis visited Vervena to talk the the people. Thanassis Karambelas, the “captain” of the revolution, descended from this village, as did Olympic champion Haralambos Zouras. As several villages of Kynouria, Vervena is not inhabited in winter. The inhabitants mostly live in Kato Vervena and go to Vervena during the summer. The village celebrates with festivals on the 25 / 7, 15 / 8 and 29 / 8.
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