Municipality of Argos
According to mythology the first inhabitants of Argos were the Pelasgians, with god Inachos as their king. They were the ones who named the castle hill “Larissa” (royal or castellated hill). Phoroneas’s son, who was the first mortal king, gathered the dispread inhabitants and founded the “Foronikon Asty” which is considered to be the oldest city of Greece. The most ancient traces that have been revealed at the city belong to the Neolithic Age (About 4.500 B.C.) and the variety of pottery findings shows that a very important settlement expanded in Argos at the edges of the two hills. Most probably, a similar very well maintained settlement, the one of Lerna at the village Myloi (Mills) at the west coast of the Argolic Gulf near the boggy lake where the Mythic Lerania Hydra lived. Coats, mainly of the Neolithic Age (5.000-3.500 B.C.) and the Early Age of Copper (2.500-2.200 B.C.) were found here.
The oldest bulding remains, saved until today, are dated at about 2.000 B.C. (Middle Greek Age) and belong to an important settlement, probably castellated, that settled at the top of the hill of Aspis, while houses assiduously built, were revealed around the east foothills of the same hill. At the gravelly banks of the Xerias River there was a cemetery of the same age.
At the top of the castle there was a castellated Acropolis with cyclopean walls, and probably palaces that were destroyed during the configuration of the area during the classic period. Remains of houses with the shape of palaces with courtyards and wall paintings were discovered mainly at the area surrounding the east side of the hill of Aspis, while at the saddle between the two hills of the city, chambered graves had been hewed in a close order.
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