Geometric and Archaic years
Municipality of Argos
The Mycenaean civilization collapsed at the end of the 12th century B.C. after the descent of the Dorians. The centre of authority of Argolis is then brought to Argos which flourishes during the Geometric and Archaic Era (800-500 B.C). Then, the sanctuary of Hera (Heraion) is set under the protection of the city and it consecrates it as the religious centre of Argolis. In the framework of such a leading role it undertakes important works. In the 7th century B.C., one of the oldest temples in the Greek territory, the Doric, pavillion temple of Hera, was built. In 423 B.C. its ancient wooden columns, which were maintained until then, were burnt of inadvertence.
In the Ancient Stadium of Argos, from the 6h Cent. B.C., Heraia and Nemea are oeganised from 460 B.C. until 330 B.C. and from 271 B.C. until 393 A.D., when they were abolished.
In the end of the 8th century B.C. Pheidon, the governor of Argos expanded the impact of the city to the entire East Peloponnese (Sikyon, Aegina, Epidauros, Troizina, Ermioni, Kleones, Flioi, etc.). He introduced the use of silver coins, knwn then at Asia Minor. These coins replaced the iron made obols, which were used until then in the commercial transactions. What should be pointed out is that from the end of the 8th century B.C. Argos developed to the most important centre of metallurgy in Greece. In the 6th and 5th century B.C. it gains remarkable fame for its tradition of sculpture on copper.
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