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13/05/2008

Byzantine period

Municipality of Argos


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The Byzantine Empire was divided in themes - a theme was some kind of today’s general regimen or a county, and it was ruled by a general or a praetor, who had civic as well as military authority. The division of Byzantine empire into themes was introduced by Emperor Heraclios in 610-641 A.D. Argos was part of the theme of Peloponnese, which had forty cities . Korinthos was the capital of the theme and it was called “Metropolis of Entire Greece and Achaia”.
In the Breviary of Ieroklis the literate, which was written round the middle of the 6th century, Argos is comprehende with the seventy nine cities of the Greek province, that is Achaia, under the commands of a vice-consul and the forty cities of the theme of Peloponnese, under the commands of a general.
From the 11th century the administrator of a theme is called a Duke. Nikiforos Votaneiatis had been the Duke of Peloponnese and Greece before he became the Emperor of Byzantium. Many other personae have also been generals of themes. During the Byzantine period there was a huge bureaucracy. Furthermore in many Byzantine writings avarice and self interestedness is mentioned in Byzantine writings.
Argos, although it was continuously inhabited during the Middle Ages, it was a inappreciable city, as we can conclude from the lack of historic events concerning the city until the 9th century.
But from then on and especially form the end of the 11th century we start to learn about the city again and specifically concerning the period 1089-1467 A.D. The step-up of the archbishop’s house to a Metropolis (see) in 1189 is an indication of the revival.



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