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14/05/2008

Mythography

Municipality of Argos

Texts of myth-making, in which one can pin-point the name Larissa, exist in almost all the ancient and the more recent Greek tradition, with branches, which approach myths and stories from Peloponnese, Sterea Hellas and Thessalia.
According to ancient myth-writers (Hesiodus and others), Larissa was the name of Poseidonís wife, who gave birth to the demi-gods Achaios, Phthias and Pelasgos. The three brothers were the patriarchs, the lords and the name-givers of the areas where they reigned.
Achaios of the North East Peloponnese (Achaea), Phthias of the East Sterea Hellas (Phthiotis) and Pelasgos of Argolis and later on of Thessaly (Pelasgikon Argos), where he emigrated. They all set off from Argos (Dion.Alikarn. 1,17).
Many cities in Continental Greece, as well as in the proximate part of Asia, had the name Larissa: the Metropolis of Thessaly, which exists until today, next to Penios River (Iliad, B. 841), Kremasti Larissa or Pelasgeia in Phthiotis (Strabo, 435), a city in Attica, a city in Crete, which was named Ierapytna (Ierapetra) (Strabo, 440), a city near the borders between Achaia and Helis, the Acropolis of Argos, with its diachronical, until today, name, a city in Troas (Thouk., H 101), Homer Il., B840, Phricinida Larissa in Aeolis (West Asia Minor), near Kymi, next to Ermos River.(Herodotus, A 149, Xenophon, Hellen. 1,7, Homer Iliad B841), a city near Ephesus, next to Kaestros River of Lydia, a city in Syria, headquarters of the local sovereign, a city in Assyria, next to Tigris River and many other areas have this name.



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