THE CASTLE OF LARISSA
Municipality of Argos
The castle is at a height of 289 m. It was built during the period of the prehistoric years and it is newer that the fortifications of Aspis. Its base at some points has boulders, which remind us of Cyclopeian Walls. In the fifth and sixth century the Argeians repaired and replenish the walls based on the older walls and traces.
In the 10th century A.D. the Medieval castle was built. The building, with the years that passed and with the course of events is reformed again and again and acquires the characteristics of each period of time. In the 13th century The Francs renovated it, in the 15th century the Venetians replenished it and later on the Turks made their own additions. All these who managed it Greeks and others, cared for leaving their traces on the imposing monument, which dominates in the plain of Argos.
The castle has two surrounding walls, the outer one, 200 m. long and the inner one, which is 70 m. long. In the inside there was a temple of Larissaios Zeus and Athena Polias. Furthermore, there was a cross-roofed church of the 12th century. The owner’s epigraph was saved and it had the name of the bishop Nikitas and it is kept in the warehouse of the Museum of Argos. For the building of the church, building material of ancient times was used. But at many other points of the wall making of the castle, the visitor can distinguish architectural parts of monuments of the ancient times embodied in the wall.
The castle was historically connected to the Revolution of 1821. When the big Army of Dramalis arrived at Argos, Kolokotronis formed an ingenious strategy. He considered that the Greeks should take it so that they would occupy the enemy who would besiege it, and they would gain time. Kolokotronis sent 100 selected men at first, to which other were added and they became totally 700. Demetrios Ypsilantis, who gave a sample of his strategic skills, was their leader. The Greeks kept the castle until the 24th of July and they managed to escape, after a diversion, which the Greeks of the camp of Myloi created to the enemy. The Greeks managed to delay the enemy for about 15 days in this way, and thus the way of facing the enemy at Dervenakia two days after the 24th of July was much better organized.
Nowadays, the castle is used for the organization of cultural events, which do not take place very often, because its defective maintenance does not allow such activities.
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