Gortsouli Hill

University of Peloponnisos

The hill of Gortsouli is near the villages of Pikerni, Milia, and ancient Mantineia. The fortified settlement is where the prehistoric citadel of Mantineia lied. It is likely that at some point the settlement was abandoned and the inhabitants moved to ancient Mantineia, which is also located just a few hundred metres south. The Gortsouli hill played an important religious role, since there is evidence of worship practices from the 8th century BC. Foundations of a templefrom the 7th century that does not appear to have been completed have been found. A century later, another temple was built with the building materials of the first temple. Worshiping in the temple continued until the 3rd century BC. From the latter temple sections of the walls still remain. Artemis was the main deity who was worshipped there. Objects from the 7th to the 5th century BC with women’s shapes have been found and are now in the Archaeological Museum of Tripoli. There are also traces of habitation and activity from Mycenaean to Hellenistic times. The church of Zoodochos Pigi is now at the top of the hill.

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